Press Information / Resources
Press Kit
Physics & Astronomy On-Line discussion about the evidence of an iron-rich Sun
New Solar Model
Pictures of Dr. Manuel
Origin of the Solar System - Non-technical
Origin of the Solar System - Technical
Cradle of the Nuclides

Recent Press
NASA plans to blow a $131 million dollar hole in a comet to find the elements that made the Solar System (Bloomberg.com 12/13/04) .pdf archive version here
*Note from Dr. Manuel: "By choosing that target, NASA is sure to confirm that 'the solar system was made of light elements like H, He, and C' - a blatantly false conclusion.

Excess lightweight isotopes in the solar wind and lightweight s-products in the photosphere expose the mass separation process that causes these light elements to cover the Sun's surface - - - like the red peel on an apple."

"A hole blown in an iron asteroid would provide more useful information on the elements that made the Solar System, including the central object that contains almost 99.9% of its mass."

Physics & Astronomy On-Line discussion about the evidence of an iron-rich Sun
UniverseToday.com article "Is Iron Causing All the Flares?" Nov 18, 2003
ScienceAGoGo.com article "Sun's Iron Core May Be Cause Of Solar Flares" Nov 3, 2003
Presentation in Dubna (NANP'03) - July 23-28, 2003
Interview with Debbie Johnson on University Radio Service for a subsequent interview (10/4/2002)
AWSE report "Sun composed mostly of iron" (7/25/2002)
CNN news report "Scientist: Sun composed mostly of iron" (7/23/2002)
Comiverse news story "Sun Is Made of Iron, Not Hydrogen" (7/19/2002)
Space Daily news story "Sun Is Made Of Iron, Not Hyderogen, Professor Says" (7/18/2002)
The World news story "A study maintains that 80% of the Sun is iron", poorly translated (7/18/2002)
El Mundo news story "Un estudio sostiene que el 80% del Sol es hierro" Spanish newspaper (7/18/2002) (Espanol)
SciWire news realease "SUN IS MADE OF IRON, NOT HYDROGEN, PROFESSOR SAYS" by Andrew Carega (7/17/2002)
Science Daily news story "The Sun: A Great Ball of Iron?" adapted from UMR news release (7/17/2002)
UPI news story "An Iron Sun: Groundbreaking or Cracked?" by Dan Whipple (7/17/2002)
Cowlix news story "Solar evolution" by Wes Cowley (May 7, 2002)
House of Physics news story "I am Iron Sun" by Monk Rocker (4/05/2002)
Discover magazine news article "The Strange Case of the Iron Sun" by Solana Pyne (2/21/02)
The Hindu newspaper report "Sun is mostly iron, not hydrogen" (2/14/2002)
Astronomical News Notes "Iron Sun" (01/15/2002)
Russian news story "The Origin of the Solar System with an Iron-Rich Sun" (January 10, 2002)
January 2002 AAS meeting in Washington, D.C. (PDF, 220K)
Observations Unexplained by the Standard Solar Model (PDF, 9K)
http://tech.sina.com.cn/o/2002-01-15/99581.shtml (Chinese language)

Upcoming Events
June 2 - 7, 2002 "Third International Conference on Physics Beyond the Standard Model - BEYOND 2002" in Oulu, Finland
July 21 - 26, 2002 "65th Annual Meeting of The Meteoritical Society" at UCLA in Los Angeles, USA
July 29 - Aug 2, 2002 "International Conference ASTEROIDS, COMETS, METEORS - ACM2002" in Berlin, Germany

Oliver K. Manuel
Professor of Nuclear Chemistry
University of Missouri-Rolla
Ph: 573-341-4420
Fax: 573-341-6033

Dr. Manuel has published more than 100 papers, including several book chapters, presented over 100 papers at scientific meetings, including international conferences in Canada, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Switzerland, the U.S.A., the U.S.S.R., and Wales, organized an ACS symposium with the late Professor Glenn T. Seaborg, and edited the proceedings, "Origin of Elements in the Solar System: Implications of Post-1957 Observations".
He uses isotope mass spectrometric to study:
  • the origin of meteorites, planets, and their elements
  • the origin and early history of the Earth
  • the Sunís origin, composition, and source of energy
  • double beta-decay and basic conservation laws.

He also studies other rare modes of nuclear decay, nuclear systematics, and the geochemistry of tellurium, iodine, and the long-lived fission product, iodine-129.

He was trained by Professors Paul Kazuo Kuroda of the Universities of Arkansas and Tokyo and John H. Reynolds of the University of California-Berkeley. He supervised research projects of more than 30 students, including over 20 graduate students.

NSF, AEC, ERDA and DOE supported his research. NASAís funds and a brief period of access to lunar samples made possible the two 1972 papers below.

Selected Publications:

M. S. Boulos & O. Manuel (1971) "The xenon record of extinct radioactivities in the Earth", Science 174, 1334-1336.

B. Srinivasan, E. W. Hennecke, D. E. Sinclair & O. Manuel (1972) "A comparison of noble gases released from lunar fines (#15601164) with noble gases in meteorites and in the Earth", Proc. 3rd Lunar Sci. Conf. 2, 1927-1945 .

O. Manuel, E. W. Hennecke & D. D. Sabu (1972) "Xenon in carbonaceous chondrites", Nature 240, 99-101.

O. Manuel & D. D. Sabu (1977) "Strange xenon, extinct super-heavy elements, and the solar neutrino puzzle", Science 195, 208-209.

D. D. Sabu & O. Manuel (1980) "Noble gas anomalies and synthesis of the chemical ele- ments", Meteoritics 15, 117-138.

O. Manuel & D. D. Sabu (1981) "The noble gas record of the terrestrial planets", Geochem. J. 15, 245-267.

L. L. Oliver, R. V. Ballad, J. F. Richardson & O. Manuel (1981) "Isotopically anomalous tellurium in Allende: A relic of local element synthesis", J. Inorg. Nucl. Chem. 43, 2207-2216.

G. Hwaung & O. Manuel (1982) "Terrestrial xenon in meteoritic troilite", Nature 299, 807-810.

O. Manuel & G. Hwaung (1983) "Solar abundance of elements", Meteoritics 18, 209.

J. M. D. MacElroy & O. Manuel (1986) "Can intra-solar diffusion contribute to isotope anomalies in the solar wind?", J. Geophys. Res. 91, D473-D482.

J. T. Lee, B. Lin & O. Manuel (1996) "Terrestrial-type xenon in sulfides of the Allende meteorite", Geochem. J. 30, 17-30.

J. T. Lee, B. Lin & O. Manuel (1997) "On the signature of local element synthesis", Comments on Astrophysics 18, 335-345.

O. Manuel, J. T. Lee, J. M. D. MacElroy, B. Li & W. K. Brown (1997) "Origin of our elements and evolution of the solar system", in Isotopes in the Solar System (Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad, India, eds., J. N. Goswami, S. Sahijpal, P. Chakrabarty) 15-16.

O. Manuel (1998) " Origin of the solar system and its chemical elements", in Lunar and Planetary Science XXIX, Abstract 1974, available as 1974-pdf file from Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX (CD-ROM)

O. Manuel (1998) , "Isotopic ratios in Jupiter confirm intra-solar diffusion" Meteoritics 33, A97. O. Manuel, K. Windler, A. Nolte, L. Johannes, J. Zirbel & D. Ragland (1998) "Strange xenon in Jupiter", 238, 119-121.

O. Manuel, J. T. Lee, D. E. Ragland, J. M. D. MacElroy, B. Lee & W. K. Brown (1998) "Origin of the solar system and its elements", J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 238, 213-225.

O. Manuel (2000) "Origin of elements in the solar system" in Origin of Elements in the Solar System: Implications of Post-1957 Observations, Proceedings of the 1999 ACS symposium organized by Glenn T. Seaborg and Oliver K. Manuel (Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, NY, USA, ed., Manuel O.), 589-287.

O. Manuel (2000) "Isotopic ratios: The key to elemental abundance and nuclear reactions in the Sun" in ibid., pp. 279-287.

O. Manuel, C. Bolon, M. Zhong & P. Jangam (2001) "The Sunís origin, composition and source of energy" in Lunar and Planetary Science XXIX, Abstract 1041, available as 1041-pdf from Lunar and Planetary Institute, Houston, TX (CD-ROM).

O. Manuel, C. Bolon, A. Katragada & M. Insall (2001) "Attraction and repulsion of nucleons: Sources of stellar energy", J. Fusion Energy 19, 93-98.

O. Manuel & C. Bolon (2002), "Nuclear systematics: I. Solar abundance of the ele- ments", J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 251, 381-385.

O. Manuel, C. Bolon & P. Jangam (2002), "Nuclear systematics: II. The cradle of the nuclides", J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 251, 417-422.

O. Manuel, C. Bolon & M. Zhong (2002), "Nuclear systematics: III. The source of solar luminosity", J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. 252, 3-7.


Manuel attended public schools in Wichita and Viola, Kansas, in White Oak and Ada, Oklahoma, in Mena, Arkansas, in Beaumont and Dennison, Texas.

Although he did not complete high school, he was admitted to Kansas State College-Pittsburg in 1956. There he obtained a BS degree, then MS and PhD degrees from the University of Arkansas. He performed postdoctoral research at the University of Arkansas, and in physics at the University of California-Berkeley. He studied under Professors Jim Pauley, Paul Kazuo Kuroda, and John H. Reynolds.

NOTE: You can download Dr. Manuel's bio here (Word Doc, 74K), and view his resume here.


© 2002 Dr. Oliver K. Manuel - All Rights Reserved